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Vowel Sounds
/a, ʌ, æ/

One-Syllable Words

I. Basic Sound-Spelling Pattern

/a/ /ʌ/ /æ/

cop /kap/
hot /hat/
clock klak/
stop /stap/
Bob /bab/

silent b
bomb /bam/

cup /kʌp/
hut /hʌt/
sum /sʌm/
nun /nʌn/

silent b
crumb /krʌm/
dumb /dʌm/
numb /nʌm/
thumb /Θʌm/

cap /kæp/
hat /hæt/
have /hæv/
has /hæz/
had  /hæd/
ask /æsk/
bass (fish) /bæs/

silent g
gnat /næt/

silent b
lamb /læm/

silent d
ma'am /mæm/

can-can't
/kæn-kænt/

II. Special Words

Different Written Vowel
Same Vowel Sound

/a/ /ʌ/ /æ/

balm /bam/
calm /kam/
palm /pam/
psalm /sam/

was /wʌz/
does /dʌz/

rough /rʌf/
tough /tʌf/

blood /blʌd/
flood /flʌd/

month /mʌnΘ/
months /mʌns/

come /kʌm/
done /dʌn/
glove /glʌv/
love /lʌv/
none /nʌn/
some /sʌm/
laugh /læf/
plaid /plæd/

III. Homophones

Same Pronunciation
Different Spelling
Different Meaning

/a/ /ʌ/ /æ/

balm bomb
knot not

dun done
nun none
sum some
one won

ant aunt
band banned
dam damn